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Biology Definitions

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Wild-TypeThe genetic term for "normal" or reference strain. When a geneticist crosses (breeds) a mutant individual with a normal individual, the geneticist says that she has made a cross between a mutant and a wild-type.Genetics, Mutant, Test Cross
Works in CisWorks on the same chromosome. For example, the Lac operator site only affects Lac genes on the same chromosome (rather than making a protein).Lac Operon, In Trans
Works in TransWorks across chromosomes. If a diploid genome has a mutant in one of its chromosomes, a wild-type gene in the homologous chromosome can compensate for the mutationIn Cis

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Balance Chemical Equations